Walter, Bruno

   born Bruno Walter Schlesinger (1876-1962), conductor; the last great exponent of German romanticism. Born in Berlin,* he began study-ing music* at the Stern Conservatory in that city when he was eight. Although he gave a piano recital at age nine, the next year he decided on a conducting career. He was engaged at seventeen by the Cologne Opera and went to Ham-burg in 1894 to work with Mahler (who advised that he drop the name Schles-inger). After conducting briefly in Breslau, Pressburg (now Bratislava), and Riga, he returned to Berlin in 1900 and then joined Mahler at Vienna s Court Opera in 1901; in 1911 he took Austrian citizenship. After Mahler s death, Walter premiered the composer's Das Lied von der Erde (The song from the earth) and the Ninth Symphony. During 1913-1922 he directed the Munich Opera (his "most beautiful and most rewarding" years), premiering Hans Pfitz-ner s* Palestrina in 1917 and launching the Mozart-Wagner festivals; he was also interim conductor in 1919 of the Berlin Philharmonic. His postwar tours (he first visited New York in 1923) won him international recognition. In 1925, the year he became music director of the Berlin City Opera, he began directing the Salzburg Festival Orchestra. In 1929 he established the Bruno Walter Foun-dation for needy musicians and succeeded Wilhelm Furtwangler* as conductor of Leipzig s Gewandhaus Orchestra.
   Of Jewish ancestry, Walter was forced to resign his German positions in 1933, an event that provoked worldwide protest. Living from 1933 in Vienna, he conducted the Vienna Staatsoper and the Salzburg Festival Orchestra until 1938 and was associate conductor of Amsterdam s Concertgebouw Orchestra during 1934-1939. He settled briefly in France after the Anschluss (he was granted French citizenship), emigrated to the United States in 1939, and served for several years as a celebrated guest conductor. His interpretations of Mozart and Mahler were widely acclaimed.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Thomas Mann, "To Bruno Walter"; New Grove, vol. 20; Schonberg, Great Conductors; Wellesz, "Bruno Walter."

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • WALTER, BRUNO — (Bruno Walter Schlesinger; 1876–1962), conductor. He was born in Berlin, where he studied at the Stern Conservatory. At 17 he became voice coach at the Cologne Opera and the following year assistant conductor, under gustav mahler , at the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Walter Bruno — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al autor …   Wikipedia Español

  • Walter, Bruno — orig. Bruno Walter Schlesinger born Sept. 15, 1876, Berlin, Ger. died Feb. 17, 1962, Beverly Hills, Calif., U.S. German born U.S. conductor. An associate of Gustav Mahler, he was long a faithful proponent and interpreter of Mahler s music, giving …   Universalium

  • Walter, Bruno — ► (1876 1962) Director de orquesta alemán. Fue director de la Orquesta Filarmónica de Nueva York. * * * orig. Bruno Walter Schlesinger (15 sep. 1876, Berlín, Alemania–17 feb. 1962, Beverly Hills, Cal., EE.UU.). Director de orquesta estadounidense …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Walter, Bruno — pseud. di Schlesinger, Bruno Walter …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Walter,Bruno — Wal·ter (välʹtər), Bruno. 1876 1962. German conductor noted for his interpretations of Mozart and Mahler. * * * …   Universalium

  • Walter, Bruno — (1876 1962)    German conductor. Born in Berlin, He was opera coach at the Municipal Opera of Cologne. Later he became assistant conductor of the Hamburg Stadt Theatre. In 1896 he became second conductor in Breslau and the prinicipal conductor in …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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  • Bruno Walter — (September 15, 1876 ndash; February 17, 1962) was a German born conductor and composer. He was born in Berlin, but moved to several countries between 1933 and 1939, finally settling in the United States in 1939. He was born Bruno Schlesinger, but …   Wikipedia

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